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Run a Java application

Learn how to deploy a Java application on Amphitheatre

Getting an application running on Amphitheatre is essentially working out how to package it as a deployable image. Once packaged it can be deployed to the Amphitheatre platform.

The Example Application

Our example will be a basic "hello world" example using Java and Spring Boot.

You can get the code for the example from the GitHub repository. Just git clone to get a local copy.

Create a Simple Web Application

Now you can create a web controller for a simple web application, as the following listing (from src/main/java/hello/ shows:

package hello;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

public class HelloController {
    public String index() {
        return "Hello, World!";

Create an Application class

The Spring Initializr creates a simple application class for you. However, in this case, it is too simple. You need to modify the application class to match the following listing (from src/main/java/hello/

package hello;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

public class Application {
    public static void main(String[] args) {, args);

Run the Application

To run the application, run the following command in a terminal window (in the complete) directory:

./mvnw spring-boot:run

Now run the service with curl (in a separate terminal window), by running the following command (shown with its output):

$ curl localhost:8080
Hello, World!

Install Amphitheatre

We are ready to start working with Amphitheatre and that means we need amp, our CLI app for managing apps on Amphitheatre. If you've already installed it, carry on. If not, hop over to our installation guide.

Initialize the Character

To launch an app on Amphitheatre, run amp init in the directory with your source code. This will create and configure a Character for you by inspecting your source code, then prompt you to deploy.

$ amp init

Scanning source code
 Detected Java app
 Using the following build configuration
         Builder: paketobuildpacks/builder:base
Wrote config file .amp.toml
Your Character is ready. run with `amp run`

First, this command scans your source code to determine how to build a deployment image as well as identify any other configuration your app needs, such as secrets and exposed ports.

After your source code is scanned and the results are printed, amp creates a Character for you and writes your configuration to a .amp.toml file. You'll then be prompted to build and deploy your character. Once complete, your app will be running on Amphitheatre.

Inside .amp.toml

The .amp.toml file now contains a default configuration for deploying your Character. If we look at the .amp.toml file we can see it in there:

version = 1

name = "amp-example-java"
version = "0.0.1"
authors = ["Eguo Wang <>"]
edition = "v1"
description = "A simple Java example app"
readme = ""
homepage = ""
repository = ""
license = "Apache-2.0"
license-file = "LICENSE"
keywords = ["example", "java", "getting-started"]
categories = ["example"]

The amp command will always refer to this file in the current directory if it exists, specifically for the Character name value at the start. That name will be used to identify the Character to the Amphitheatre platform. The rest of the file contains settings to be applied to the Character when it deploys.

See the Paketo Java Buildpack documentation for more options.

Deploying to Amphitheatre

To deploy your Character, just run:

amp run

This will lookup our .amp.toml file, and get the Character name amp-example-java from there. Then amp will start the process of deploying our Character to the Amphitheatre platform. amp will return you to the command line when it's done.

Arrived at Destination

You have successfully built, deployed your first Java application on Amphitheatre.